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PERGE by mecengineer PERGE by mecengineer
Perga or Perge (GreekΠέργη PergeTurkishPerge) was an ancient Anatolian city in modern Turkey, once the capital of Pamphylia Secunda, now in Antalya province on the southwestern Mediterranean coast of Turkey. Today it is a large site of ancient ruins 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) east of Antalya on the coastal plain. Located there is an acropolis dating back to the Bronze Age.[1]

History[edit]

Perga was an ancient and important city of Pamphylia, between the rivers Catarrhactes and Cestrus.[2] It was renowned for the worship ofArtemis, whose temple stood on a hill outside the town, and in whose honour annual festivals were celebrated.[3] The coins of Perge represent both the goddess and her temple. Alexander the Great occupied Perge with a part of his army after quitting Phaselis, between which two towns the road is described as long and difficult.[4]

Alexander's rule was followed by the Diadochi empire of the Seleucids.

In 46 A.D., according to the Acts of the ApostlesSt. Paul journeyed to Perga, from there continued on to Antiocheia in Pisidia, then returned to Perga where he preached the word of God (Acts 14:25). Then he left the city and went to Attaleia.[5]

In the first half of the 4th century, during the reign of Constantine the Great (324-337), Perga became an important centre of Christianity, which soon became the official religion of the Roman Empire. The city retained its status as a Christian centre in the 5th and 6th centuries.

Ecclesiastical history[edit]

St. Paul the Apostle and his companion St. Barnabas, twice visited Perga as recorded in the biblical book, the Acts of the Apostles,[6] during their first missionary journey, where they "preached the word"[7] before heading for and sailing from Attalia (modern-day Antalya city), 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) to the southwest, to Antioch.

Paul and Barnabas came to Perge during their first missionary journey, but probably stayed there only a short time, and do not seem to have preached there;[8] it was there that John Mark left Paul to return to Jerusalem. On his return from Pisidia Paul preached at Perge.[9]

St. Matrona of Perge of the 6th century was a female saint known for temporarily cross-dressing to avoid her abusive husband.[10] She also is known for opposing the Monophysite policy of the emperor Anastasios I.[11] Matrona hid in the monastery of St. Bassion as the enuch Babylos. Once revealed, she was sent to a woman’s monastery where she was head of the convent. She was famous for her miraculous gift of healing. She went on to found a nunnery in Constantipole. St Matrona died at the age of 100. Her life was told through a vita prima whose author and exact time period remains a mystery.[12]

The Greek Notitiae episcopatuum mentions the city as metropolis of Pamphylia Secunda until the 13th century. Le Quien[13] gives the names of 11 of its bishops: Epidaurus, present at the Council of Ancyra in 312; Callicles at the First Council of Nicaea in 325; Berenianus, at Constantinople (426); Epiphanius at the Second Council of Ephesus (449), at the First Council of Chalcedon (451), and a signatory of the letter from the bishops of the province to Emperor Leo (458); Hilarianus, at a council at Constantinople in 536; Eulogius, at the Second Council of Constantinople in 553; Apergius, condemned as a Monothelite at the Third Council of Constantinople in 680; John, at the Trullan council in 692; Sisinnius Pastillas about 754 (aniconoclast who was condemned at the Second Council of Nicaea in 787); Constans, at the same council of that condemned his predecessor; John, at the Council of Constantinople of 869–70.

No longer a residential, the bishopric is included in the Catholic Church's list of titular sees.[14]

Remains[edit]

Perga is today an archaeological site and a tourist attraction. Ancient Perge, one of the chief cities of Pamphylia, was situated between the Rivers Catarrhactes (Düden Nehri) and Cestrus (Aksu), 60 stadia (about 11.1 kilometres (6.9 mi)) from the mouth of the latter; the site is in the modern Turkish village of Murtana on the Suridjik sou, a tributary of the Cestrus, formerly in the Ottoman vilayet of Konya. Its ruins include a theatre, apalæstra, a temple of Artemis and two churches. The temple of Artemis was located outside the town.

Notables[edit]

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:iconsupersnappz16:
supersnappz16 Featured By Owner Nov 19, 2016  Hobbyist Photographer
Nice composition.
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:iconnovus41:
novus41 Featured By Owner Mar 23, 2016  Hobbyist General Artist
nice
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:iconbricksandstones:
BricksandStones Featured By Owner Jan 27, 2016
This is a great shot - I like the composition and that you provided some historical info about this place - it is very interesting! Thanks!
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:iconvixenandindigo:
VixenandIndigo Featured By Owner Nov 10, 2015  Professional Digital Artist
This shot is almost ominous, nicely done!
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:iconyadiyada27:
yadiyada27 Featured By Owner Aug 16, 2015
This is a really nice shot and editing. Perfect in B/W. :thumbsup:
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:iconsl-photographyswe:
SL-PhotographySWE Featured By Owner Jul 21, 2015  Professional Photographer
Wonderful capture! :)
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:iconmecengineer:
mecengineer Featured By Owner Jul 23, 2015
Thank you so much dear Simon.
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:iconsl-photographyswe:
SL-PhotographySWE Featured By Owner Jul 23, 2015  Professional Photographer
No problem :)
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:iconnikki-vdp:
Nikki-vdp Featured By Owner Jul 18, 2015
Really nice capture, love the contrasts and composition.

(Thanks btw, for adding the relevant info on the site, it's really interesting. :) )
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:iconmecengineer:
mecengineer Featured By Owner Jul 23, 2015
Thank you so much dear Nikki.
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:iconzayn82-slayers:
Zayn82-Slayers Featured By Owner Jul 17, 2015
Thanks for the fav ^_^
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:iconmecengineer:
mecengineer Featured By Owner Jul 23, 2015
my pleasure
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:iconsenlis1441:
senlis1441 Featured By Owner Jul 4, 2015
impressive!!!
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:iconqilathea:
QiLathea Featured By Owner Jul 2, 2015  Hobbyist Digital Artist
Haughtiness!! It is in Turkey?
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:iconmt-photografien:
MT-Photografien Featured By Owner Jun 30, 2015  Hobbyist Photographer
Beautiful Love 
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:iconmotherearth01:
motherearth01 Featured By Owner Jun 24, 2015  Professional Digital Artist
Fantastic image.
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:icondanicawish:
DanicaWish Featured By Owner Jun 11, 2015  Hobbyist Photographer
Nice image!
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:iconsmallsofthamish:
smallsofthamish Featured By Owner May 31, 2015
This is so lovely. The lighting is wonderful and the b&w somehow manages to emphasise the great age of the pillars and gives the photo real atmosphere. Great shot.
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:iconfabryking61:
FABRYKING61 Featured By Owner May 23, 2015  Hobbyist Digital Artist
LOVE.IT
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:iconjacqchristiaan:
JacqChristiaan Featured By Owner May 16, 2015  Professional Photographer
In one word: Perfect! Clapping Emoticon by Weapons-Expert-Cool
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:iconmissgrib:
MissGrib Featured By Owner May 15, 2015   Digital Artist
Beautiful !!^^
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:iconcromosoma123:
Cromosoma123 Featured By Owner May 11, 2015   Photographer
Beautiful. Love the B&W.
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:iconarhar:
Arhar Featured By Owner May 11, 2015
Terrifically good! Perfect lighting and detail! :clap: 
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:iconxanaduphotography:
XanaduPhotography Featured By Owner May 10, 2015
Beautiful tones.
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:iconevelivesey:
EveLivesey Featured By Owner May 10, 2015  Professional Photographer
Beautiful textures in this B&W!
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:iconmiirex:
miirex Featured By Owner May 9, 2015  Hobbyist Photographer
Good picture
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:iconadorell:
adorell Featured By Owner May 9, 2015
beautiful work
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:iconlucilaleyla:
LUCILALEYLA Featured By Owner May 9, 2015  Hobbyist Photographer
Beautiful B&W :love:
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:icontrippy4u:
Trippy4U Featured By Owner May 9, 2015
An excellent black and white study...loving the contrast. Nice work, Talat :thumbsup:
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:iconmecengineer:
mecengineer Featured By Owner May 9, 2015
Thank you so much dear Canan.
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:iconarthurramsey:
ArthurRamsey Featured By Owner May 8, 2015  Professional General Artist
Great mono buudy
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:iconrelhom:
relhom Featured By Owner May 8, 2015  Hobbyist General Artist
Nice touch..:)
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:iconemizael:
emizael Featured By Owner May 8, 2015  Professional General Artist
awesome shot!
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