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YOROS by mecengineer YOROS by mecengineer
Yoros Castle (TurkishYoros kalesi) is a Byzantine ruined castle at the confluence of the Bosphorus and the Black Sea, to the north ofJoshua's Hill, in IstanbulTurkey. It is also commonly referred to as the Genoese Castle, due to Genoa’s possession of it in the mid-15th century.
Yoros Castle sits on a hill surrounded by steep bluffs overlooking the Bosphorus. It is just north of a small fishing village called Anadolu Kavağı, on Macar Bay, and the entire area is referred to as Anadolu Kavağı. This section is one of the narrowest stretches of the Bosphorus, and on the opposite shore sits an area called Rumeli Kavağı, which formerly held a fortification similar to Yoros Castle. (Anadolu and Rumeli were Ottomanterms for the Anatolian and European parts of the empire).
Strategically set near the confluence of the Bosphorus and the Black Sea, the future site of Yoros Castle was settled by the Phoenicians andGreeks prior to the Byzantine period for trading and military purposes. The Greeks called the area Hieron (Sacred Place). The remains of temples, including Dios, Altar of the Twelve Gods, and Zeus Ourios (Zeus, granter of fair winds) were discovered in the area, dating to centuries BCE.

Yoros Castle was intermittently occupied throughout the course of the Byzantine Empire. Under the Palaiologos dynasty during the decline of the empire, Yoros Castle was well fortified, as was the Rumeli Kavağı on the opposite side of the Bosphorus. A massive chain could be extended across the Bosphorus between these two points, cutting off the straits to attacking warships, similar to the chain across the Golden Horn which was used to defendConstantinople during the last Ottoman siege by Sultan Mehmed II.

ByzantinesGenoese, and Ottomans fought over this strategic fortification for years. It was first conquered by Ottoman forces in 1305, but retaken by the Byzantines shortly thereafter. Bayezid I took the castle again in 1391 while preparing for his siege of Constantinople. It was used as his field headquarters during the construction of Anadoluhisarı, one of the more important castles for the siege. In 1399 the Byzantines attempted to take back Yoros Castle. The attack failed, but the village of Anadolu Kavağı was burned to the ground. The Ottomans held the fortress from 1391–1414, losing it to the Genoese in 1414. The forty-year Genoese occupation lent the castle its moniker of Genoese Castle.

Upon Sultan Mehmed II’s conquest of Constantinople in 1453, the presence of the Genoese at such a strategic location posed a threat to the new Ottoman capital. Within a few years, Sultan Mehmed drove the Genoese out. He then fortified the walls, and constructed a customs office, quarantine, and check point, as well as placing a garrison of troops there. Bayezid II (1481–1512) later added a mosque within the castle walls.

Cossack raids had plagued the Ottoman Empire throughout its long history. In 1624 a fleet of 150 Cossack caiques sailed across the Black Sea to attack towns and villages near Istanbul. They struck villages inside the Bosphorus, and Murad IV (1623–1640) refortified Anadolu Kavağı to defend against the fleet. It would prove instrumental in securing the region from seaborne Cossack raids.

Under Osman III (1754–1757), Yoros Castle was once again refortified. Later, in 1783 Abdülhamid I added more watchtowers. After this period, it gradually fell into disrepair. By the time of the Turkish Republic, the castle was no longer used.
The ruins of the citadel and surrounding walls still exist, though the mosque, most of the towers, and other structures are gone. Yoros Castle and the village of Anadolu Kavağı are a popular day trip from Istanbul. Normally, the site is not supervised and visitors are free to climb all over the ancient walls. However, there are currently archaeological excavations going on and visitors are unable to enter the castle. Greek inscriptions remain etched on the walls of the castle to this day, along with the symbol of the Palealogus family, who ruled Byzantium until its fall. The military importance of the site cannot be overstated. In fact, much of the area surrounding Yoros Castle is today in the hands of the Turkish military, who have closed off areas to visitors.
The villagers of Anadolu Kavağı historically depended mostly on fishing for income, but it appears some may have acted as 'wreckers'. Turkish rumors report that they would light fires in order to disorient ships and ground them in the narrow straits, seizing their goods. Conversely, many claim that Anadolu Kavağı was also used as a shelter for trade ships against storms, where it is recorded even up to three hundred ships were serviced at a time.

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:iconluthienthye:
LuthienThye Featured By Owner Mar 24, 2017  Professional Artisan Crafter
very cool!
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:icondormirreverpeutetre:
DormirReverPeutEtre Featured By Owner Oct 8, 2015
Very graphic and contrasted !
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:iconmecengineer:
mecengineer Featured By Owner Oct 9, 2015
thank you so much
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:iconhermetic-wings:
Hermetic-Wings Featured By Owner Sep 23, 2015  Hobbyist Photographer
Bu mekanı ben de çok sever,im. Bir kaç fotografım da orada çekilmiş. Ama şöyle içime sindirerek yeniden çekebilmeyi isterdi. ELine sağlık bu güzel fotografı paylaştığın için. Ayrıca Yoros kalesinin tarihi ile ilgili nootunu da severek okudum. Teşekkürler :D
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:iconthewolfcreek:
thewolfcreek Featured By Owner Aug 15, 2015  Hobbyist Photographer
Fine shot and work...
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:iconbatsceba:
Batsceba Featured By Owner Aug 12, 2015   Photographer
thanks for sharing!
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:iconjacqchristiaan:
JacqChristiaan Featured By Owner Jul 24, 2015  Professional Photographer
Excellent work! Intriguing as the history of the Castle! :clap:
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:iconmiirex:
miirex Featured By Owner Jul 22, 2015  Hobbyist Photographer
Great work
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:iconmecengineer:
mecengineer Featured By Owner Jul 23, 2015
Thank you so much dear Mirek.
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:iconmiirex:
miirex Featured By Owner Aug 25, 2015  Hobbyist Photographer
You are Welcome
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:iconevelivesey:
EveLivesey Featured By Owner Jul 19, 2015  Professional Photographer
Beautiful image!
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:iconmecengineer:
mecengineer Featured By Owner Jul 23, 2015
Thank you so much dear Eve
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:iconevelivesey:
EveLivesey Featured By Owner Aug 1, 2015  Professional Photographer
My pleasure :hug:
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:iconlucilaleyla:
LUCILALEYLA Featured By Owner Jul 19, 2015  Hobbyist Photographer
Great composition Talat, :clap: 
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:iconmecengineer:
mecengineer Featured By Owner Jul 23, 2015
Thank you so much dear Lucila.
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:iconlucilaleyla:
LUCILALEYLA Featured By Owner Jul 23, 2015  Hobbyist Photographer
My pleasure always :hug:
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:iconarthurramsey:
ArthurRamsey Featured By Owner Jul 19, 2015  Professional General Artist
cool
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:iconmecengineer:
mecengineer Featured By Owner Jul 24, 2015
Thank you so much dear Arthur.
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:icontrippy4u:
Trippy4U Featured By Owner Jul 18, 2015  Professional Photographer
Simply awesome, Talat...loving the deep rich contrast :clap:
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:iconmecengineer:
mecengineer Featured By Owner Jul 23, 2015
Thank you so much dear Richard.
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:icontrippy4u:
Trippy4U Featured By Owner Jul 23, 2015  Professional Photographer
Welcome, my friend. I always enjoy seeing new work from you :highfive:
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:iconpajunen:
Pajunen Featured By Owner Jul 18, 2015
Cool shot!
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:iconmecengineer:
mecengineer Featured By Owner Jul 24, 2015
Thank you so much dear Tomi.
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:iconpajunen:
Pajunen Featured By Owner Jul 27, 2015
You're welcome.
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:iconmecengineer:
mecengineer Featured By Owner Jul 23, 2015
Thank you so much dear Tomi.
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:iconpajunen:
Pajunen Featured By Owner Jul 27, 2015
You're welcome.
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:iconseek-and-hide:
seek-and-hide Featured By Owner Jul 18, 2015  Hobbyist General Artist
Beautiful image ... I liked the contrast with the black. Thank you for sharing the story of the castle, always interesting to me.
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:iconmecengineer:
mecengineer Featured By Owner Jul 23, 2015
Thank you so much dear Mayumi.
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:iconseek-and-hide:
seek-and-hide Featured By Owner Jul 23, 2015  Hobbyist General Artist
You're welcome!
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:iconrelhom:
relhom Featured By Owner Jul 18, 2015  Hobbyist General Artist
:wave: :)
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:iconmecengineer:
mecengineer Featured By Owner Jul 23, 2015
Thank you so much dear Richard.
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:iconrelhom:
relhom Featured By Owner Jul 23, 2015  Hobbyist General Artist
:)
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Submitted on
July 18, 2015
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3.4 MB
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3872×2592
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Camera Data

Make
NIKON CORPORATION
Model
NIKON D3000
Shutter Speed
10/2500 second
Aperture
F/8.0
Focal Length
38 mm
ISO Speed
100
Date Taken
May 2, 2015, 1:21:57 PM
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Ver.1.00
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